Net Addiction, Crime, & Pathological Use


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Abbate Daģa, G., Gramaglia, C., Piero, A., & Fassino, S. (2006). Eating disorders and the Internet: Cure and curse. Eating & Weight Disorders, 11, 68-71.

Abdulla, R. A. (2007). Islam, Jihad, and terrorism in post-9/11 Arabic discussion boards. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12, 1063-1081.

Aboujaoude, E. (2010). Problematic Internet use: An overview. World Psychiatry, 9, 85-90.

Aboujaoude, E., Koran, L. M., Gamel, N., Large, M. D., & Serpe, R. T. (2006). Potential markers for problematic Internet use: A telephone survey of 2,513 adults. CNS Spectrums, 11, 750-755.

Acier, D., & Kern, L. (2011). Problematic Internet use: Perceptions of addiction counsellors. Computers & Education, 56, 983-989.

Adam, A. (2001). Cyberstalking: Gender and computer ethics. In E. Green & A. Adam (Eds.), Virtual Gender: Technology, Consumption and Identity (pp. 209-224). London: Routledge.

Adam, A. (2002). Cyberstalking and Internet pornography: Gender and the gaze. Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 133-142.

Adiele, I., & Olatokun, W. (2014). Prevalence and determinants of Internet addiction among adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 100-110.

Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (2008). The cyber worlds of self-injurers: Deviant communities, relationships, and selves. Symbolic Interaction, 31, 33-56.

Adomi, E. E., & Igun, S. E. (2008). Combating cyber crime in Nigeria. The Electronic Library, 26, 716-725.

Ahmadi, J., Amiri, A., Ghanizadeh, A., Khademalhosseini, M., Khademalhosseini, Z., Gholami, Z., & Sharifian, M. (2014). Prevalence of addiction to the Internet, computer games, DVD, and video and its relationship to anxiety and depression in a sample of Iranian high school students. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 75-80.

Ahmadi, K., & Saghafi, A. (2013). Psychosocial profile of Iranian adolescents’ Internet addiction. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 543-548.

Ak, S., Koruklu, N., & Yılmaz, Y. (2013). A study on Turkish adolescent’s Internet use: Possible predictors of Internet addiction. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 205-209.

Alexy, E. M., Burgess, A. W., & Baker, T. (2005). Internet offenders: Traders, travelers, and combination trader-travelers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 804-812.

Andreassen, C. S., & Pallesen, S. (2013). Facebook addiction: A reply to Griffiths (2012). Psychological Reports, 113, 899-902.

Andreou, E., & Svoli, H. (2013). The association between Internet user characteristics and dimensions of Internet addiction among Greek adolescents. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 11, 139-148.

Armstrong, L., Phillips, J. G., & Saling, L. L. (2000). Potential determinants of heavier Internet usage. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 53, 537-550.

Assael, H. (2005). A demographic and psychographic profile of heavy Internet users and users by type of Internet usage. Journal of Advertising Research, 45, 93-122.

Atmaca, M. (2007). A case of problematic Internet use successfully treated with an SSRI-antipsychotic combination. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 31, 961-962.

Auer, N. J., & Krupar, E. M. (2001). Mouse click plagiarism: The role of technology in plagiarism and the librarian’s role in combating it. Library Trends, 49, 415-432.

Aydin, B., & Sari, S. V. (2011). Internet addiction among adolescents: The role of self-esteem. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 3500-3505.

Aykut Ceyhan, A., & Ceyhan, E. (2008). Loneliness, depression, and computer self-efficacy as predictors of problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 699-701.

Bai, Y. M., Lin, C. C., Chen, J. Y (2001). Internet addiction disorder among clients of a virtual clinic. Psychiatric Services, 25, 1397.

Bair, C. E., Kelly, N. R., Serdar, K. L., & Mazzeo, S. E. (2012). Does the Internet function like magazines? An exploration of image-focused media, eating pathology, and body dissatisfaction. Eating Behaviors, 13, 398-401.

Bakken, I. J., Wenzel, H. G., Götestam, K. G., Johansson, A., & Øren, A. (2009). Internet addiction among Norwegian adults: A stratified probability sample study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50, 121-127.

Barak, A. (2005). Sexual harassment on the Internet. Social Science Computer Review, 23, 77-92.

Bardone-Cone, A. M., & Cass, K. M. (2006).  Investigating the impact of pro-Anorexia Websites: A pilot study. European Eating Disorders Review, 14, 256-262.

Bardone-Cone, A. M., Cass, K. M. (2007). What  does viewing a pro-anorexia website do? An experimental examination of website exposure and moderating effects. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, 537-548.

Barke, A., Nyenhuis, N., & Kroner-Herwig, B. (2012). The German version of the Internet addiction test: A validation study. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 15, 534-542.

Barke, A., Nyenhuis, N., & Kröner-Herwig, B. (2014). The German version of the Generalized Pathological Internet Use Scale 2: A validation study. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 474-482.

Barnes, N. (2006). Anorexia and bulimia: Information from the Internet. Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet, 10, 47-56.

Bates, A., & Metcalf, C. (2007). A psychometric comparison of Internet and non-Internet sex offenders from a community treatment sample. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 13, 11-20.

Beard, K. W. (2002). Internet addiction: Current status and implications for employees. Journal of Employment Counseling, 39, 2-11.

Beard, K. W. (2005). Internet addiction: A review of current assessment techniques and potential assessment questions. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 8, 7-14.

Beard, K. W. (2009). Assessment and treatment of Internet addiction. In, J. B. Allen, E. M. Wolf, L. VandeCreek (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A 21st century sourcebook (Vol. 1, pp. 117-134). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.

Beard, K. W. (2011). Working with adolescents addicted to the Internet. In K. S. Young & C. N. de Abreu (Eds.), Internet addiction: A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment (pp. 173-190). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Beard, K. W., & Wolf, E. M. (2001). Modification in the proposed diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4, 377-383.

Beech, A. R., Elliott, I. A., Birgden, A., & Findlater, D. (2008). The Internet and child sexual offending: A criminological review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13, 216-228.

Belenko, S., Dugosh, K. L., Lynch, K., Mericle, A. A., Pich, M., & Forman, R. F. (2009). Online illegal drug use information: An exploratory analysis of drug-related website viewing by adolescents. Journal of Health Communication, 14, 612-630.

Bell, V., Grech, E., Maiden, C., Halligan, P. W., & Ellis, H. D. (2005). “Internet delusions”: A case series and theoretical integration. Psychopathology, 38, 144-150.

Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32, 265-277.

Beranuy, M., Carbonell, X., & Griffiths, M. D. (2013). A qualitative analysis of online gaming addicts in treatment. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 11, 149-161.

Beranuy, M., Oberst, U., Carbonell, X., & Chamarro, A. (2009).  Problematic Internet and mobile phone use and clinical symptoms in college students: The role of emotional intelligence. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 1182-1187.

Berger, B. D., Lehrmann, J. A., Larson, G., Alverno, L., & Tsao, C. I. (2005). Nonpsychotic, nonparaphilic self-amputation and the Internet. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 46, 380-383.

Bernardi, S., & Pallanti, S. (2009). Internet addiction: A descriptive clinical study focusing on comorbidities and dissociative symptoms. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 50, 510-516.

Beullens, K., & Schepers, A. (2013). Display of alcohol use on Facebook: A content analysis. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 497-503.

Beutel, M. E., Brähler, E., Glaesmer, H., Kuss, D. J., Wölfling, K., & Müller, K. W. (2011). Regular and problematic leisure-time Internet use in the community: Results from a German population-based survey. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 291-296.

Billieux, J., Chanal, J., Khazaal, Y., Rochat, L., Gay, P., Zullino, D., & van der Linden, M. (2011). Psychological predictors of problematic involvement in massively multiplayer online role-playing games: Illustration in a sample of male cybercafé players. Psychopathology, 44, 165-171.

Billieux, J., Thorens, G., Khazaal, Y., Zullino, D., Achab, S., & Van der Linden, M. (2015). Problematic involvement in online games: A cluster analytic approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 242-250.

Blachnio, A., Przepiórka, A., & Fortuna, P. (2010). Problematic Internet use and third-person effect. In A. Blachnio, A. Przepiorka, & T. Rowiński (Eds.), Internet in psychological research (pp. 149-168). Warsaw, Poland: Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University Press.

Blaszczynski, A. (2006). Internet use: In search of an addiction. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 4, 7-9.

Blinka, L., & Smahel, D. (2011).  Addiction to online role-playing games. In K. S. Young & C. N. de Abreu (Eds.), Internet addiction: A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment (pp. 73-90). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Block, J. J. (2007). Prevalence underestimated in problematic Internet use study. CNS Spectrums, 12, 14.

Block, J. J. (2008). Issues for DSM-V: Internet addiction. American Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 306-307.

Bocij, P., Bocij, H., McFarlane, L. (2003). Cyberstalking: A case study of serial harassment in the UK. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 5(2), 25-32.

Bocij, P. (2005). Reactive stalking: A new perspective on victimisation. British Journal of Forensic Practice, 7, 23-34.

Bogenschutz, M. P. (2001). Drugs on the Internet. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 2094-2095.

Boniel-Nissim, M., Latzer, Y. (2011). The characteristics of  pro-Ana community. In D. Stein & Y. Latzer (Eds.), Treatment and special issue of eating disorders (pp.73-84). New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Borowska, T. (2009). The Internet addiction versus aggressive behaviour among the youth. The New Educational Review, 19, 171-181.

Borzekowski, D. L. G., Schenk, S., Wilson, J. L., & Peebles, R. (2010). E-Ana and E-Mia: A content analysis of pro–eating disorder web sites. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 1526-1534.

Bozkurt, H., Coskun, M., Ayaydin, H., Adak, I., & Zoroglu, S. (2013). Prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders in referred adolescents with Internet addiction. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 67, 352-359.

Bozoglan, B., Demirer, V., & Sahin, I. (2013). Loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction as predictors of Internet addiction: A cross-sectional study among Turkish university students. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 54, 313-319.

Breen, A. V., Lewis, S. P., & Sutherland, O. (2013). Brief report: Non-suicidal self-injury in the context of self and identity development. Journal of Adult Development, 20, 57-62.

Brenner, V. (1997). Psychology of Computer Use: XLVII. Parameters of Internet use, abuse, and addiction: The first 90 days of the Internet Usage Survey. Psychological Reports, 80, 879-882.

Brenner, V. (2002). Generalizability issues in Internet-based survey research: Implications for the Internet addiction controversy. In B. Batinic, U. D. Reips & M. Bosnjak (Eds.), Online Social Sciences (pp. 93-113). Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Brezing, C., Derevensky, J., & Potenza, M. N. (2010). Non-substance-addictive behaviors in youth: Pathological gambling and problematic Internet use. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 19, 625-641.

Brosnan, M., Joiner, R., Gavin, J., Crook, C., Maras, P., Guiller, J., & Scott, A. J. (2012). The impact of pathological levels of Internet-related anxiety on Internet usage. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 46, 341-356.

Brotsky, S., & Giles, D. (2007). Inside the “Pro-ana” community: A covert online participant observation. Eating Disorders, 15, 93-109.

Brown, C. (2009). White supremacist discourse on the Internet and the construction of whiteness ideology. Howard Journal of Communications, 20, 189-208.

Brown, S. (2010). Fiction, fantasy and transformation in the imaginaries of cybercrime: The novel and after. In Y. Jewkes, & M. Yar (Eds.), Handbook of Internet crime (pp. 145-166). Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.

Bryce, J. (2010). Online sexual exploitation of children and young people. In Y. Jewkes, & M. Yar (Eds.), Handbook of Internet crime (pp. 320-342). Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.

Burgess, A. W., Carretta, C. M., & Burgess, A. G. (2012). Patterns of federal Internet offenders: A pilot study. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 8, 112-121.

Burgess, A. W., & Mahoney, M., Visk, J., & Morgenbesser, L. (2008). Cyber child sexual exploitation. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 46, 38-45.

Burke, A., Sowerbutts, S., Blundell, B., & Sherry, M. (2002). Child pornography and the Internet: Policing and treatment issues. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 9, 79-84.

Butler, S. F., Venuti, S. W., Benoit, C., Beaulaurier, R. L., Houle, B., & Katz, N. (2007). Internet surveillance: Content analysis and monitoring of product-specific Internet prescription opioid abuse-related postings. Clinical Journal of Pain, 23, 619-628.

Butler, S. F., Villapiano, A., & Malinow, A. (2009). The effect of computer-mediated administration on self-disclosure of problems on the addiction severity index. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 3, 194-203.

Byun, S., Ruffini, C., Mills, J. E., Douglas, A. C., Niang, M., Stepchenkova, S., Lee, S. K., Loutfi, J., Lee, J.-K., Atallah, M., & Blanton, M. (2009). Internet addiction: Metasynthesis of 1996–2006 quantitative research. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 203-207.

Calder, M. C. (2004). The Internet: Potential, problems and pathways to hands-on sexual offending, In M. C. Calder (Ed.), Child sexual abuse and the Internet: Tackling the new frontier (pp. 1-23). Dorset, RHP: Russell House Publishing.

Camardese, G., de Risio, L., di Nicola, M., Pizi, G., & Janiri, L. (2012). A role for pharmacotherapy in the treatment of "Internet addiction". Clinical Neuropharmacology, 35, 283-289.

Campbell, A. J., Cumming, S. R., & Hughes, I. (2006). Internet use by the socially fearful: Addiction or therapy? CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9, 69-81.

Canan, F., Ataoglu, A., Nichols, L. A., Yildirim, T., & Ozturk, O. (2010). Evaluation of psychometric properties of the Internet addiction scale in a sample of Turkish high school students. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13, 317-320.

Canan, F., Yildirim, O., Ustunel, T. Y., Sinani, G., Kaleli, A. H., Gunes, C., & Ataoglu, A. (2014). The relationship between Internet addiction and body mass index in Turkish adolescents. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 40-45.

Cao, F., & Su, L. (2007). Internet addiction among Chinese adolescents: Prevalence and psychological features. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33, 275-281.

Cao, F., Su, L., Liu, T., & Gao, X. (2007). The relationship between impulsivity and Internet addiction in a sample of Chinese adolescents. European Psychiatry, 22, 466-471.

Caplan, S. E. (2002). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: Development of a theory-based cognitive-behavioral measurement instrument. Computers in Human Behavior, 18, 553-575.

Caplan, S. E. (2003). Preference for online social interaction – A theory of problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being. Communication Research, 30, 625-648.

Caplan, S. E. (2005). A social skill account of problematic Internet use. Journal of Communication, 55, 721-736.

Caplan, S. E. (2007). Relations among loneliness, social anxiety, and problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10, 234-242.

Caplan, S. E. (2010). Theory and measurement of generalized problematic Internet use: A two-step approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1089-1097.

Caplan, S. E., & High, A. C. (2011).  Online social interaction, psychosocial well-being and problematic Internet use. In K. S. Young & C. N. de Abreu (Eds.), Internet addiction: A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment (pp. 35-54). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Caplan, S., Williams, D., & Yee, N. (2009). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being among MMO players. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 1312-1319.

Carbonell, X., Guardiola, E., Beranuy, M., Bellës, A. (2009). A bibliometric analysis of the scientific literature on Internet, video games, and cell phone addiction. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 97, 102-107.

Carlowe, J. (2008). The final log off for. Nursing Standard, 32, 20-21.

Cartwright, G. F., Finkelstein, A. B. A., & Maennling, M. K. B. (2008). Caught in the web: Internet risks for children. In, B. M. Shore, M. W. Aulls, M. A. Delcourt (Eds.), Inquiry in education: Overcoming barriers to successful implementation (Vol. 2, pp. 119-127). New York: Taylor & Francis/Erlbaum.

Casale, S., Fioravanti, G., Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (2014). From socially prescribed perfectionism to problematic use of Internet communicative services: The mediating roles of perceived social support and the fear of negative evaluation. Addictive Behaviors, 39, 1816-1822.

Cash, H., Rae, C. D., Steel, A. H., & Winkler, A. (2012). Internet addiction: A brief summary of research and practice. Current Psychiatry Reviews, 8, 292-298.

Cassidy, W., Jackson, M., & Brown, K. N. (2009). Sticks and stones can break my bones, but how can pixels hurt me? Students experiences with cyber-bullying. School Psychology International, 30, 383-402.

Cavaglion, G. (2008). Narratives of self-help of cyberporn dependents. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 15, 195-216.

Cavaglion, G. (2009). Cyber-porn dependence: Voices of distress in an Italian Internet self-help community. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7, 295-310.

Cavezza, C., & McEwan, T. E. (2014). Cyberstalking versus off-line stalking in a forensic sample. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20, 955-970.

Celik, C. B., & Odaci, H. (2013). The relationship between problematic Internet use and interpersonal cognitive distortions and life satisfaction in university students. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 505-508

Ceyhan, A. A. (2008). Predictors of problematic Internet use on Turkish university students. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 363-366.

Ceyhan, E. (2010). Predictiveness of identity status, main Internet use purposes and gender on university students’ the problematic internet use. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10, 1343-1355.

Chak, K., & Leung, L. (2004). Shyness and locus of control as predictors of Internet addiction and Internet use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 7, 559-570.

Chakraborty, K. D. B., & Kumar, K. G. V. (2010). Internet addiction: Consensus, controversies, and the way ahead. East Asian Arch Psychiatry, 20, 123-132.

Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Lee, C. M., Chen, P. H., & Miao, N. F. (2014). Predictors of the initiation and persistence of Internet addiction among adolescents in Taiwan. Addictive Behaviors, 39, 1434–1440.

Chang, M. K., & Pui Man Law, S. (2008). Factor structure for Young’s Internet Addiction Test: A confirmatory study. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, p.2597-p.2619.

Chappell, D., Eatough, V., Davies, M.  N. O., & Griffiths, M. (2006). EverQuest – It's just a computer game right? An interpretative phenomenological analysis of online gaming addiction. International Journal of Mental Health Addiction, 4, 205-216.

Charlton, J. P. (2002). A factor-analytic investigation of computer ‘addiction’ and engagement. British Journal of Psychology, 93, 329-344.

Charlton, J. P., & Danforth, I. D. W. (2004). Differentiating computer-related addictions and high engagement. In K. Morgan, C. A. Brebbia, J. Sanchez & A. Voiskounsky (Eds.), Human Perspectives in The Internet Society: Culture, Psychology and Gender (pp. 59-68). Southampton, UK: WITpress.

Charlton, J. P., & Danforth, I. D. W. (2007). Distinguishing addiction and high engagement in the context of online game playing. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 1531-1548.

Charlton, J. P., Soh, P. C.-H., Ang, P. H., & Chew, K.-W. (2013). Religiosity, adolescent Internet usage motives and addiction. Information, Communication & Society, 16, 1619-1638.

Charlton, J.  P., & Danforth, I. D. W. (2010). Validating the distinction between computer addiction and engagement: Online game playing and personality. Behaviour & Information Technology, 29, 601-613.

Chen, J. V., Chen, C. C., & Yang, H.-H. (2008). An empirical evaluation of key factors contributing to Internet abuse in the workplace. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 108, 87-106.

Chen, K., Chen, I., & Paul, H. (2001). Explaining online behavioral differences: An Internet dependency perspective. Journal of Computer Information Systems, (Spring), 59-64.

Chen, K. C., Chen, J. C. V., & Ross, W. H. (2010). Antecedents of online game dependency: The implications of multimedia realism and uses and gratifications theory. Journal of Database Management, 21, 69-99.

Chen, S.-Y., & Tzeng, J.-Y. (2010). College female and male heavy Internet users’ profiles of practices and their academic grades and psychosocial adjustment. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13, 257-262.

Chen, S. W., Gau, S. S. F., Pikhart, H., Peasey, A., Chen, S. T., & Tsai, M. C. (2014). Work stress and subsequent risk of Internet addiction among information technology engineers in Taiwan. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 542-550.

Chesley, E. B., Alberts, J. D., Klein, J. D., & Kreipe, R. E. (2003). Pro or con? Anorexia nervosa and the Internet. Journal of Adolescent Health, 32, 123-124.

Cheung, L. M., & Wong, W. (2011). The effects of insomnia and Internet addiction on depression in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents: An exploratory cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Sleep Research, 20, 311-317.

Cheung, L. M., & Wong, W. S. (2012). The effects of insomnia and Internet addiction on depression in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents: An exploratory cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Sleep Research, 20, 311-317.

Chiang, I.-P., & Su, Y.-H. (2012). Measuring and analyzing the causes of problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15, 591-596.

Chih-Hung, K., Ju-Yu, Y., Cheng-Fang, Y., Huang-Chi, L., & Ming-Jen, Y. (2007). Factors predictive for incidence and remission of Internet addiction in young adolescents: A prospective study. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10, 545-551.

Chin-Chung, T., & Sunny, L. (2003). Internet addiction of adolescents in Taiwan: An interview study. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 6, 649-652.

Chiou, J.-S., & Lee, J. (2008). What do they say about ‘‘Friends’’? A cross-cultural study on Internet discussion forum. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 1179-1195.

Chisholm, J. F. (2006). Cyberspace violence against girls and adolescent females. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1087, 74-89.

Cho, C., & Cheon, H. J. (2005). Children's exposure to negative Internet content: Effects of family context. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 49, 488-509.

Cho, H., Kwon, M., Choi, J. H., Lee, S. K., Choi, J. S., Choi, S. W., & Kim, D. J. (2014). Development of the Internet addiction scale based on the Internet Gaming Disorder criteria suggested in DSM-5. Addictive behaviors, 39, 1361-1366.

Cho, S.-C., Kim, J.-W., Kim, B.-N., Lee, J.-H., & Kim, E.-H. (2008). Biogenetic temperament and character profiles and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in Korean adolescents with problematic Internet use. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 735-737.

Choi, K., Son, H., Park, M., Han, J., Kim, K., Lee, B., & Gwak, H. (2009). Internet overuse and excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 63, 455-462.

Chong, W. H., Chye, S., Huan, V. S., & Ang, R. P. (2014). Generalized problematic Internet use and regulation of social emotional competence: The mediating role of maladaptive cognitions arising from academic expectation stress on adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 38, 151-158.

Choo, H., Gentile, D. A., Sim, T., Li, D., Khoo, A., & Liau, A. K. (2010). Pathological video-gaming among Singaporean youth. Annals Academy of Medicine, 39, 822-829.

Chou, C. (2001). Internet heavy use and addiction among Taiwanese college students: An online interactive study. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4, 573-585.

Chou, C., Condron, L., & Belland, J. C. (2005). A review of the research on Internet addiction. Educational Psychology Review,17, 363-388.

Chow, C. L., & Leung, G. M., Ng, C., & Yu, E. (2009). A screen for identifying maladaptive Internet use. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 7, 324-332.

Chrismore, S., Betzelberger, E., Bier, L., & Camacho, T. (2011). Twelve-step recovery in inpatient treatment for Internet addiction. In K. S. Young & C. N. de Abreu (Eds.), Internet addiction: A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment (pp. 205-222). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Christakis, D. A., & Moreno, M. A. (2009). Trapped in the Net: Will Internet addiction become a 21st-century epidemic? Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescence Medicine, 163, 959-960.

Chuang, Y. (2006). Massively multiplayer online role-playing game-induced seizures: A neglected health problem in Internet addiction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9, 451-456.

Chung, W., Chen, H., Chang, W., & Chou, S. (2006). Fighting cybercrime: A review and the Taiwan experience. Decision Support Systems, 41, 669-682.

Citron, D. K. (2009). Law's expressive value in combating cyber gender harassment. Michigan Law Review, 108, 373-415.

Clark, L., & Limbrick-Oldfield, E. H. (2013). Disordered gambling: A behavioral addiction. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23, 655-659.

Cooper, A., Delmonico, D. L., Griffin-Shelley, E., & Mathy, R. M. (2004). Online sexual activity: An examination of potentially problematic behaviors. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 11, 129-143.

Cooper, A., Safir, M. P., & Rosenmann, A. (2006). Workplace worries: A preliminary look at online sexual activities at the office — Emerging issues for clinicians and employers. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9, 22-29.

Csipke, E., & Horne, O. (2007). Pro-eating disorder websites: Users' opinions. European Eating Disorders Review, 15, 196-206.

Cunningham, J. A., Humphreys, K., Koski-Jännes, A., & Cordingley, J. (2005). Internet and paper self-help materials for problem drinking: Is there an additive effect? Addictive Behaviors, 30, 1517-1523.

Custers, K.,  & Van den Bulck, J. (2009). Viewership of pro-anorexia websites in seventh, ninth and eleventh graders. European Eating Disorders Review, 17, 214-219.

Czincz, J., & Hechanova, R. (2009). Internet addiction: Debating the diagnosis. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 27, 257-272.

Dalbudak, E., & Evren, C. (2014). The relationship of Internet addiction severity with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in Turkish University students; impact of personality traits, depression and anxiety. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55, 497-503.

Dalbudak, E., Evren, C., Aldemir, S., Coskun, K. S., Ugurlu, H., & Yildirim, F. G. (2013). Relationship of Internet addiction severity with depression, anxiety, and alexithymia, temperament and character in university students. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 272-278.

Dalbudak, E., Evren, C., Aldemir, S., & Evren, B. (2014). The severity of Internet addiction risk and its relationship with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish University Students. Psychiatry Research, 219, 577–582.

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